Services provided for children with special needs
The Malaysia Ministry of Education’s Special Education Program (Program Pendidikan Khas Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia) consists of:
- Special Schools (Sekolah Khas) for students with vision and hearing disabilities
- Special Education Integration Program (Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi) is provided for children with learning, hearing and vision disabilities. The Program is carried out in normal primary and secondary school, as well as in technical/vocational secondary schools that use the withdrawal and partially inclusive approach to teach and learn.
The Special Education Integration Program is managed by the State Department of Education (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri) while the Special Education Department (Jabatan Pendidikan Khas) is in charge of issues pertaining to policies and content.
Special Education Program Curriculum: The curriculum used in Special Schools and the Special Education Integration Program are the National Curriculum and the Alternative Curriculum. Special education students participate in extra-curricular activities with normal students.
Assessment of Special Education Students: All special education students sit for public examinations such as the Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR), Penilaian Menengah Rendah (PMR) and Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) except for those who are following the Alternative Curriculum.
For students under the Alternative Curriculum, those taking the Standard Kemahiran Kebangsaan (SKK) will be certified with the Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia, while those taking Art and Design Courses will be awarded the Sijil Perakuan Sekolah and the Sijil Khas Vokasional.
Special Education Rehabilitation Program:
- The Program used is called the Program Pendidikan Pemulihan Khas Tahap Satu (PKTS). Students are assessed for reading writing and mathematics skills using the IPP3M (Instrumen Penentu Penguasaan 3M). IPP3M is divided into IPP3M 1 (for Year 1 students), IPP3M 2 (for Year 2 students) and IPP3M 3 (for Year 3 students).
- The approach to teaching and learning used is the temporary withdrawal system.
Conditions of entry for students into the Special Education School Program are:
- Aged no less than 5 years (for Preschool Program)
- Aged 6+ to 14+ years (for Primary School Program)
- Aged 13+ to 19+ years (for Secondary School Program)
- Certified by medical doctor
- Can manage themselves (self-care) without the assistance of others.
Duration of schooling:
- Length of primary schooling for children with special needs is 6 years
- Length of secondary schooling for children with special needs is 5 years
- This duration can be extended for a maximum of 2 years at any level, whether primary or secondary, depending on the needs of the student.
All Special Primary Schools are academic-based. Facilities provided at primary school level include hostel facilities and free meals. Students that are under the Special Education Integration Program can take either the national curriculum or the alternative curriculum.
Secondary education provides either the academic-based or vocational-based choices:
- Special School: Sekolah Menengah Pendidikan Khas Persekutuan Pulau Pinang provides the MPV vocational subject as an elective. Sekolah Menengah Pendidikan Khas Vokasional Shah Alam offers the Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia.
- Special Education Integration Program (Hearing Impairment): Sekolah Menengah Vokasional (EAT) Azizah, Johor Baru; Sekolah Menengah Teknik Langkawi, Kedah; Sekolah Menengah Teknik Batu Pahat, Johor; Sekolah Menengah Vokasional Bagan Serai, Perak; Sekolah Menengah Teknik Tanah Merah, Kelantan; Sekolah Menengah Vokasional Keningau, Sabah
Special Education Services Centre : Established in 1999 for the purpose of providing one-stop specialist services to parents and students with special needs. This centre functions to support agencies involved with special needs. Services provided include: Audiological services, sign language classes, therapy activities, parent counseling, toy library and resource material.
Registration process for the Special Education Programme
Step 1: Start
Parents and teachers suspect the child of having a learning disability.
Step 2: Confirmation
Confirming that the child has a disability. Certification of the child’s disability by medical professionals in a government hospital, health care centre or private clinic for the purpose of obtaining placement, and to receive early intervention from the Ministry of Health Malaysia (Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia).
Step 3: Registration
Register your disabled child with the State Education Department (Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri) in order to receive suitable education.
*Also register your disabled child with the Social Welfare Department (Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat) for the purpose of receiving suitable services.
Step 5: Eligibility
Children with disabilities who have been certified as being ready for school will be managed at the State Education Department level for the purpose of obtaining placement.
*Children who have been determined as being unready for school, who have severe disabilities or who do not fulfill the entry requirements of the Malaysia Ministry of Education’s Special Education Programme, will be referred to the Social Welfare Department to obtain suitable rehabilitation through Community Based Rehabilitation (Pemulihan Dalam Kommuniti PDK).
Step 4: Placement
Students will be given the opportunity for placement in either Special School or the Special Education Integration Programme. Placement will be based on the nearest school or Special Education Programme.
Step 5: Probation Period
Students who have been placed in the Malaysian Ministry of Education’s Special Education Programme will be given a 3 month probation period .
Step 6: Confirmation
After the probation period, students who are successful in following the Special Education Program will be confirmed in the program. Students that fail to follow the Ministry’s Special Education Programme will be referred back to the Social Welfare Department to receive suitable rehabilitation through Community Based Rehabilitation .
A KDISC FACTSHEET
The Kiwanis Disability Information and Support Centre
No. 21 Jalan SS3/82, Petaling Jaya, 47301, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 03-7877 0096, Fax: 03-7877 8096
A Community Service Project of the Kiwanis Club of Pantai (KL)